Procedure of Developing Photosynthesis

Our project of the Chemist ornament consists of some drawings surrounding the surface of the ball ornament, which shows the procedure of developing Photosynthesis. Inside the ornament, it consists of a flower with dirt underneath of it to show a greater mindset of Jan Ingenhousz’s discovery. We decided not to use an actual flower since it is being trapped inside the closed ball would have withered it without any oxygen present. Therefore, we made the flower with construction paper and the pedicel (stem) with one pipe cleaner. We also used another pipe cleaner to represent the sun where the flowers receive the most energy from. Nafisa and I have spent about a day & a half on making the Chemist ornament (about 3 hours the first day, and then an hour or possibly less on the 2nd day). To be honest, we chose the chemist, Jan Ingenhousz’s discovery because it was the easiest to construct, but not only because it was the simplest one to do, but because we both fully understood the Photosynthesis concept.

The technique by which plants, (eukaryotic organisms and some bacteria) utilize the energy from sunlight to manufacture glucose from water and carbon dioxide is called Photosynthesis. From this, glucose can now be permuted into pyruvate which transfers off adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by a process known as cellular respiration. Oxygen is then also established. Not all plants have leaves, but only photosynthetic organisms are the plants that have leaves. A leaf can possibly be viewed as “a solar collector crammed full of photosynthetic cells, where the raw materials of photosynthesis, water, and carbon dioxide, enter the cells of the leaf, and the products of photosynthesis, sugar, and oxygen leave the leaf.” Photosynthesis is also when plants harness energy from sunlight to engender chemical energy. Oxygenic and anoxygenic are two types of photosynthetic processes. The most common photosynthesis in a plant is oxygenic.

In oxygenic photosynthesis, the electrons get transferred from water to carbon dioxide by light energy to engender carbohydrates. Oxygenic synthesis reintroduces oxygen to the atmosphere. Anoxygenic is the only photosynthesis that does not engender oxygen. The colors in plants are created by pigments. Blue and red light get trapped by green pigments, these green pigments are called Chlorophylls. Chlorophylls a, b, and c are the 3 subtypes of Chlorophyll. Purple and green Chlorophyll perform anoxygenic photosynthesis. One can find Chlorophyll in all photosynthesizing plants. Plastids can store nutrients and contain pigments and Leucoplasts contain fat and starch. Antennae are pigment molecules and them with proteins. 100 to 5,000 pigments molecules associated with antennae. Antennae captures light from the sun in the form of protons. Pigment-protein converts to chemical energy in the form of protons.

Chlorophyll pigments get light energy transferred to them. Chlorophyll pigments try to expel electrons to move them to an appropriate recipient. The photosynthetic reactions are divided by those that presence sunlight and those that do not. During light-dependent reactions, a photon of light would hit the center of the reaction and the chlorophyll would release the electrons. During light-independent reactions, ATP is produced by light reactions which rich energy sources deprive the dark reactions. Calvin cycle, carbon fixation, reduction, and regeneration are all four chemical reactions. Carbon fixation fixes the carbon atoms and builts into new organic molecules. After the process finishes, it forms three carbon sugars. The sugars are used to create glucose which gets recycled to make the Calvin cycle go again.

The impact of photosynthesis is really crucial in our life. As we all know plants and animals are the most paramount components to maintain life on earth. Photosynthesis takes in carbon dioxide and produces oxygen and sugar for us. We also know that the producers make oxygen and sugar for the secondary consumers. After they produce them then the carnivores eat the plants. So, if there is no photosynthesis, then there will be more carbon dioxide and less oxygen and without oxygen humans and animals would not be able to survive at all.

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