Plato and Aristotle were the two most influential philosophers during medieval era, and these two had many ideas on how to change their societies during the medieval era. Plato was taught by Socrates who was one of the great intellectual philosophers. Plato encouraged absolute idealism which emphasized that reality is fundamentally mythical.
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He attests that the average ideal could be handled with reasoning. My favorite book of all is Plato’s The Republic. In the Republic, Plato claims that The law which we then enacted was agreeable to nature, and therefore not an impossibility or mere aspiration; and the contrary practice, which prevails at present, is in reality a violation of nature (Text, 34).
In this book Plato lays out a blueprint on how to effectively run the perfect Utopian society. This design was a layout on a society that had troubles but could relate to the blueprint for solutions. Plato sought to cure problems involving society, and human behaviors in which he believed would help him in achieving the perfect Republic. In the end all he wants to achieve is the perfect Republic. Aristotle, in contrast to Plato, is not worried about creating a blueprint that would make a perfect society but wants to enhance the existing one. I personally don’t believe that there is any such thing as the perfect Republic. Society can only be controlled by rules and regulation, but there will be few that will challenge and break these laws that are put in place. I believe if there were no laws in place, many people would do things their way. Society will be in complete standstill.
On the other hand, Aristotle was an empiricist who believed people get knowledgeable from their experiences through their senses. Unlike Plato, Aristotle believed knowledge could be classified in three parts (theoretical knowledge, practical knowledge, and productive knowledge). Theoretical knowledge focused on studying, productive knowledge focuses on creativity, and practical knowledge which is for execution.
According to Aristotle Agreeing also with our definition is the common notion, that the happy man lives well and does well, for it has been stated by us to be pretty much a kind of living well and doing well (pg.45). I believe happiness is the ultimate gain in life. The subject is up for discussion because many people don’t believe happiness is dependent on material things or economic status but it’s a personal choice that everyone has. I agree with Aristotle that a person must have series of self-reflection, so they can examine themselves within and see what direction they are heading. There are times in our lives that one thing is not leading us to where we want to be. In that situation I believe individuals should be able to rearrange and adjust.
They both had great concept, thoughts, and plans about how society should function. Whether it’s Plato’s blueprint son how to create the perfect society or Aristotle’s on how to maintain a society that is already in existence, they both play a huge part in medieval, and modern political philosophy today. Many students and philosophers of political science are impacted by these two great philosophers work. Their opinions regarding community and its capabilities are different, but they each had the identical intention which was society and its functions.
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