PERCEPTION OF THE BSAGECON REGISTERED VOTERS STUDENTS TOWARDS THE USE OF AUTOMATED ELECTION SYSTEM ON THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL ELECTION 2010 ANNABEL D. BALBUTIN A Mini Thesis Submitted to the College Of Business, Development Economics and Management, University Of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, Cotabato, In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Subject METHODS OF RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS MARCH 2010 INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Philippines Elections are held in May every tree years for both national and local positions.
The national positions are president, vice presidents, senators and party list representatives. Local positions are governors, vice governors, board members, mayors, vice mayors, councilors and congressman. Under the Philippine constitution, the term of office for the president, vice president and senators is six years and is timed to end on the expiration of the term of office for local officials which is three years. The election is conducted by the Commission on Election (Comelec), which is an independent constitutional body composed of a Chairperson and six commissioners.
The present generation, people became more literate especially with the use of computers. Technologies emerged to introduce many different ways of advancement. Computer machines are of these. Computers now in existence are the most powerful machines- than can do anything to people’s lives. For the first time in history the Philippines will be having an Automated Election System (AES) is a system that uses appropriate technology to accomplish such tasks as voting, counting, consolidating, canvassing, and transmission of election result and other electoral process. Republic Act. No. 369, which is the Amended Elections Automation Law? Using computers would make the election faster. With the new system, votes are tallied and transmitted electronically. Precinct level counting will be done within an hour and results available within thirty six hours such that teachers serving on the BEI’s will not have to stay up- and stay under tremendous pressure (Comelec said). The recent news approving the P 11 billion supplemental budget for the full automation of the upcoming 2010 National Elections was welcomed by many sectors in society as a big step forward towards having a more transparent and honest election.
One of the challenges now is to make sure that the bidding and procurement process for the equipment and materials that will be used for poll automation will be monitored properly so as to ensure transparency. It is imperative that proper training be given to those who will run the election counting machines especially since this is the first time that we will be doing this on a national scale. Though automated elections, deals with acquiring computer, hence will cost a large amount of money, it can still cost in other expenses.
One the challenges now is of to make sure that the procurement process for the equipment and materials that will be used for poll automation will be monitored so as to ensure transparency. It is imperative that proper training be given to those who will run the election counting machines especially since this is the first time that we will be doing this on a national scale. We need to remain vigilant in ensuring that we have a clean and honest election whose results will reflect the true mandate of the Filipino people.
Precisely it takes many forms with the different process but how it is implemented depends on the technological facilities allocated for the election procedure Significance of the Study This study will be beneficial to the registered voters students, especially the BSAgEcon students to get information about the Automated Election System. Furthermore, it can serve as a guide for the students who will have the right to vote this coming National Election Statement of the Problem
Generally the researcher would like to perceive the perception of the BSAgEcon students regarding the Automated Election System in order to appreciate and impart its application to the National Election. It aims to answer the following question. 1. What are the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents? 2. Does the student ready to adapt the Automated Election System? 3. What are the reactions of the students towards the Automated Election System? Objectives of the Study The general objectives of the study is to evaluate the applicability of the Automated Election System to the BSAgEcon registered voters students.
Specifically the study aimed to: 1. Determine the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents. 2. Determine the readiness of the students in using the Automated Election System on the Philippine National Election. 3. To know the reaction of the registered voters students towards the use of the Automated Election System. Scope and Limitation This study was confined to the selected BSAgEcon registered voters students of the College of Business Development Economics and Management, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, Cotabato.
The researched focused or limited to determine the readiness and the reaction of the students towards the use of Automated Election System. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK The socio-demographic characteristics which are age, sex, yr. level, status, religion and family monthly income is conceptualized to be the factors which would affect the perception of the BSAgEcon registered voters towards the use of Automated Election System. METHODOLOGY Research Design The research utilizes the Descriptive type of research. The purpose of which is to determine and describe the characteristic of some variables in the study.
Percentage, frequencies and averages were used to determine and describe the characteristics of variables. Locale of the Study The study was conducted at the College of Business Development Economics and Management, of University of Southern Mindanao (USM), main campus, Kabacan, Cotabato particularly in the Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Economics registered voters students. Respondents of the Study There were 30 respondents who are picked randomly to test the applicability of the Automated Election System to the students. Sample Size and Sampling Techniques There are 30 respondents were interviewed for the survey.
Since some the respondents is hard to find, the researcher use the Purposive sampling were the most available respondents were intentionally chosen. Research Instrument The researcher used and interview guide in interviewing the respondents to be able to gather the necessary data. The researcher set the interview with the respondents in their available time. Methods of Collecting Data The questionnaire was distributed to BSAgEcon registered voters students of College of Business Development Economics and Management, and gave them time to answer the questionnaire. Afterwards, the researcher collected the questionnaire.
Data Gathered The data gathered in the study included the following: the socio-demographic characteristics of the BSAgEcon registered voters students. The readiness, problems and the reaction encountered by the students towards the application of Automated Election System this coming Philippine National Election 2010. Data Analysis Descriptive analysis was used in the study which includes frequency counts, average, and percentage distribution. The data were analyzed to the Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Economics, College of Business Development Economics and Management, University of Southern Mindanao.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Socio-demographic Characteristics of the Respondents. Table 1 presents the socio- demographic characteristics of the 30 BSAgEcon registered voters students of the College of Business Development and Management, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, Cotabato. The data revealed that the average age of the respondents was about 20 years old, 11 (36. 67%) are male and 19(63. 33%) were female. Thirteen (43. 33) of the respondents claimed they are Roman Catholics; 10 (33. 33%) are Islam and 7(23. 33%) are Protestant. The findings imply that the respondents were predominantly Roman Catholics and Islam.
Twenty-nine(96. 67%) respondents are single, and 1 (3. 33%) is married. Twenty-six (96. 67%) are 2nd yr. students, 3(10%) were 3rd yr. students, and 1 (33. 33%) is 4th yr. In terms of Family Monthly Income, 16(53. 33% ) of the respondents belong to the family monthly income bracket of 3000-5000,10(33. 33%) are within the bracket of 5000-10000,3(10%) belong to the bracket of 10000-15000, and 1 (3. 33%) belong to the bracket of 150000-200000. Table 1. Socio -demographic characteristics of the respondents. VariablesFrequencyPercentageAverage (n=30) (%) Sex Male1136. 67 Female1963. 33 Religion
Catholic1343. 33 Islam1033. 33 Protestant723. 33 Age20 Civil Status Single29 Married13. 33 Year Level 2nd yr. 2686. 67 3rd yr. 310 4th yr. 13. 33 Table 1. Continuation… VariablesFrequencyPercentageAverage (n=30) (%) Family Monthly Income 3000-50001653. 33 5000-100001033. 33 10000-15000310 15000-2000013. 33 Readiness of the BSAgEcon registered voters in the Automated Election System. Table 2 shows that 28(93. 33%) are in favor to use the Automated Election System, 27(90%) claimed that they are ready to adapt the Automated Election System this coming Philippine National Election 2010. 7(90%) of the respondents like computers, 24(80%) of the respondents undergone subjects or lesson regarding computer operating, 23(76. 67%) of the 30 BSAgEcon respondents claimed that they had an experienced or knowledge in using or manipulating the computers, 22(73. 33%) of the respondents are prepared in the application of the system, 20(67%) are comfortable to use the Automated Election System, 17(57%) claimed that they had difficulties in using computers, and 14(47%) of the respondents claimed that its not easy for them to use the system. Table 2.
The readiness of the BSAgEcon registered voters’ students in the Automated Election System . Reasons FrequencyPercentageAverage (n=30) (%) • favor2893. 33 • like computers2790 • ready2790 • undergone subjects in computer2480 • experience /knowledge2376. 67 • prepared2273. 33 • comfortable2067 • difficulties 1757 • hard1447 Reaction of the BSAgEcon registered voter’s students towards the application of Automated Election System on the Philippine National Election 2010. Table 3 shows that 24(80%) of the respondents are in favor in using the Automated Election System for the National Election.
The reasons of the respondents that make them in favor in the Automated Election System are as follows: ? Very easy, fast and accessible. ? Accurate. Those who have the opinions that are not favor 6(20%), and the reasons are: ? Too expensive. ? Not yet proven. ? Not yet ready to adapt the system for the National Election. Table 3. Also reveals that twenty-two (73. 33%) of the respondents believes that there is a need to use the Automated Counting Machine. The reasons of the respondents to make them feel that there is a need to use the Automated Counting Machine are as follows: • Modernized. More easy and accurate. • More secured and enjoys using. Eight (26. 67%) of the respondents have the opinions that there is no need for the voters to vote through the use of Automated Machine. The reasons for them to decide that there is no need for the voters to vote through computers are as follows. • Difficult to use • Afraid • Don’t like computers • Not yet prepared Table 3. The reaction of the BSAgEcon students towards the Automated Election System StatementsFrequencyPercentageAverage (n=30) (%) favor 2480 need to use the ACM 22 73. 33 Automated Counting Machine) Table 4. Advantages of the Automated Election System as Perceived by Respondents. The advantages of the Automated Election System as perceived by respondents are presented in Table 4. Fifteen (50%)indicated that it is easy, 8(26. 67%) believed that it is more fast, 3(3. 33%) answered that it is secure to use, 1(3. 33%) shows that it is more organize and 1(3. 33%) claimed that it is better to use it, for us to learn how to vote through computers. Table 4. Advantages of the Automated Election System as Perceived by BSAgEcon Respondents.
March 2010 REASONS FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (n=30)(%) a. easy15 50 b. fast8 26. 67 c. secure to use3 3. 33 d. more organize1 3. 33 e. to learn 1 3. 33 Table 5. Disadvantages of the Automated Election System as Perceived by BSAgEcon Respondents. The disadvantages of the Automated Election System as perceived by respondents are presented in Table 5. Eleven (36. 67%) indicated that using the Automated Election System is too expensive, 10(33. 33%) believes that some errors may occur, 8(26. 67%) claimed that it is hard to use the machine, 2(6. 7%) answered that it is not secure. Table 5. Disadvantages of the Automated Election System as Perceived by BSAgEcon Respondents. March 2010 REASONS FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (n=30)(%) 1. too expensive1136. 67 2. errors may occur1033. 33 3. not secure2 6. 67 Additional data were gathered according to the number of Election system that is more advantageous. 18 (60%) thinks that the Automated Counting Machine is more advantageous and some of the reasons are as it is safe and secure, errors may not occur, and it has more high securities. 2 (40%) claimed that the ballot boxes is what they want to use as the system for the coming national election, and some of the reasons are it is familiar to the voters, and it is traditional. QUESTIONNAIRE Part I. Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents Name: ______________________ Course & Yr. :_________________ Age:____ Sex: ( ) Male ( ) Female Status: ( ) Single ( ) Married ( ) Widower Religion: ( ) Roman Catholic ( ) Islam ( ) Iglesia ni Cristo Others pls. specify_________ Family Monthly Income Family Monthly Income ( )3000-5000 ( )5000-10000 ( )10000-15000 ( )15000-20000 )20000-30000 Others pls. specify__________ Part II. The readiness of the BSAgEcon registered voter’s students in the Automated Election System. Instruction: Below are the statements regarding the Automated Election System. Please check the box that corresponds to your choice. Yes No 1. Do you have any experience or knowledge in using? 2. Have you undergone any subjects or lesson regarding computer operating? 3. Is it difficult for you to vote through computers? 4. Do you like using computers? 5. Are you comfortable using computers? 6. Would it hard for you to vote through computers? . Are you in favor in Automated Election System? 8. Are you prepared` for such adaptation to technology? 9. As a registered voters, are you ready to use computer system this coming National Election? Part III. The reaction of the BSAgEcon registered voter’s students towards the use of Automated Election System Instruction: Please shade the oval that corresponds to your choice. Yes No 1. Are you in favor in Automated Election System? Why? ____________________________________________________________ __ ____________________________________________________________ __ 2.
In your own opinion, do we need to use the Automated Election System? Why? ____________________________________________________________ ___ ____________________________________________________________ ___ 3. What do you think the advantages of Automated Election System? ____________________________________________________________ ___ ____________________________________________________________ ___ 4. What do you think the disadvantages of the Automated Election System? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ _________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________ 5. What Election System do you think is more advantageous, the Automated Counting Machine or the ballot boxes? ____________________________________________________________ _____ ____________________________________________________________ ___________ ____________________________________________________________ ___________ [pic] ———————– Socio-demographic factor -age -sex -yr. level -status -religion -family income Perception Applicability of The Automated Election System
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