Communism was originally the political thought that concentrated on the working class. The idea for Communism officially started with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in The Communist Manifesto, where they outlined their idea of what equality between the people should really be seen as. Those two men modified multiple different ideas from the writings of several authors and philosophers including Plato’s The Republic (4th century B.C.), and Sir Thomas More’s Utopia (16th century A.D.). Prior to writing the Communist Manifesto, the men were also involved in different working parties in Germany. The men combined their ideas with the ideals of other different parties to unify the workers of Germany and called the collective thought Communism. Communism as a form of government was first implemented by Vladimir Lenin in Russia 1917 after the Russian Revolution against their leader Czar Nicholas II. Lenin took inspiration from the ideas of the two German authors and then added his own philosophy, called now Marxism-Leninism, soon after that Communism became more recognized throughout the world.
From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. Communism is known as a form of government branching off from the larger Socialism. The main idea in Communism is equality for all in status, for all people to work to the best of their ability, and for all people to receive enough for their personal needs. In order to achieve this goal, states ruled by the communist party contain no social classes and no ownership of private property, all the property belongs to the community as a whole. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, the prospect of communist activity at home and away seemed very real to many people in the United States.
These fears came to define the time’s political culture. A republic senator by the name of Joseph P. McCarthy spent almost five years trying to expose communists and other loyalty risks in the U.S. government, only to fail. In the tense atmosphere of the Cold War, acts of disloyalty were enough to convince many Americans that their government was filled with traitors trying to terrorize the country. McCarthy’s accusations were so intimidating that only a select few people ever tried to speak out against him. It was not until he attacked the Army in 1954 that his actions earned him the censure of the U.S. Senate.
Communism, a political, and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and community control of the natural resources for the community. This means that, while being more advanced than other forms of it, Communism is a form of socialism. There has been much controversy over exactly how communism is different from socialism but the distinction rests largely on the communists’ personal definition socialism. Two phases of communism that would predict the overthrow of capitalism are a transitional system in which the working class would control the government and economy but still find it necessary to pay people according to how long, hard, and well they worked. Then the second would be fully realized communism”a community without class divisions or government, in which the production and distribution of goods would be solely based upon the principle From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.
Marx’s followers, especially Vladimir Ilich Lenin, took this up. Even the party leaders established a command economy in which the state-controlled property and determined wages, prices, as well as production goals. Communism is generally making fewer concessions to market capitalism and electoral democracy than most other forms of society. As a system of government, communism usually centers on a one-party state that bans most forms of political dissent. Socialisms history is more varied than communism: the Communist Manifesto devotes a chapter to criticizing the forms of socialism that already exist.
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