Bipolar Disorder: Mind and Mental Health


Bipolar disorder relates to the mental illness which makes the patient undergo moody experiences. Notably, the disorder symptoms may lead to extreme mood commonly termed as the mania. Hence, individuals living with bipolar disorder may have difficult times on managing daily activities or maintain effective relations either at home or workplace. Medical research depicts that nearly 2.8% of US youths have lethal brain disorder (Legg, 2018). There are various causal-effects linked with the manic depression affecting multiple groups in the community. Therefore, the paper will explore on the risk factors and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment mechanism for the disastrous bipolar disorder. On a broader view, bipolar disorders trace its route from a variety of risk factors. However, health practitioners have not established a definite cause of lethal brain disease. Some of the factors linked as the source of bipolar disorder include genetics, a structure of one’s brain and environmental factors (Smith, 2018). Genetically, there is a higher chance of acquiring the disorder from family members who live with the condition. Health research depicts four to six times that a parent with the disorder can pass to the child.

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Abnormalities in the structure of the brain may expose an individual to the risks of bipolar disorder. Environmental factors such as extreme stress and traumatic experiences can trigger manic depression. Some of the main symptoms and effects of the disorder include hypomania, depression, and mania. Patients will mainly experience and express high emotional rates including a feeling of excitement and euphoric. Consequently, the patient may indulge in drug abuse and or unprotected sex to relieve the excitement. Depressed patients may undergo suicidal thoughts and develop a long sleeping period. Health study reveals that both women and men have a similar diagnosis for bipolar disorder. However, women diagnosis comes more like the depression rather than the manic disorder. More importantly, women diagnosis appear during the early 20s or 30s but for men may result earlier in life (Legg, 2018). Notably, men are susceptible to undergo manic diagnosis, unlike their counterparts. Thus, men diagnosed with the condition encounter severe manic episodes and tend to abuse substances such as alcohol. Additionally, men will get a diagnosis with bipolar type I, which closely relates to manic episodes while women will experience bipolar type II, a depression linked condition (National Institute of Mental Health, 2018). Of greater importance, children also diagnosis either manic or depression bipolar.

Manic conditions in kids will make them behave in a silly manner and an expression of happiness. On the contrary, depressive symptoms will cause children to sleep and or eat little or too much than usual scenario. Thus, both manic and depressive symptoms seem common to children just like in the adults. In deriving a bipolar disorder, a doctor must carry out several tests to ensure the correct diagnosis from the patient. For example, the doctor will perform a physical exam which may at times comprise urine or blood test to derive a definite conclusion. Similarly, the doctor may opt to conduct mental health evaluation upon the patient to examine signs of the bipolar disorder. Another common way to diagnose bipolar is using the mood journal. It is an approach which seeks to investigate one’s behavioral change including sleeping and eating habits. Once, diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the doctor administers a treatment plan which may constitute either medication, shift in lifestyle or counseling (Legg, 2018). In summary, bipolar disorder is a lethal condition which not only disrupts one’s behavior but can lead to demise if not early diagnosed and treated.


Legg, T. (2018, November 12). Everything You Need to Know About Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved from Healthline:

National Institute of Mental Health. (2018, November 12). Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved from National Institute of Mental Health:

Smith, K. (2018, November 12). Bipolar Disorder Causes. Retrieved from Psycom:

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Bipolar Disorder: Mind and Mental Health. (2019, Oct 30). Retrieved December 5, 2022 , from

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