Not accepting the Treaty of Versailles

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The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty attended by all victorious nations of the Great War Except for Russia as they were in the middle of a civil war. It was to sort out what would happen to Germany as they were blamed of starting the Great War. The main contributes Nicknamed The Big Three were French premier Georges Clemenceau of France, British prime minister David Lloyd George of Great Britain, and President Woodrow Wilson of the United States of America.

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The Treaty also put the blame for starting WW1 on Germany and it therefore had to pay reparations. Original figure was 6,600,000,000 goldmakrs, an very harsh but possible figure; this was reduced by the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan later. One must not forget that Germany enforced even harsher terms on Russia in the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, so the complaints may sound somewhat hypocritic. However, having to accept the blame really angered many Germans, as they saw the war as the result of everyone’s mistakes.

It was probably more the fact of defeat and the revolution in Germany that created ‘underground aggression than the treaty itself that had this effect. Many hardline German nationalists also felt in some sense cheated of their victory over Russia. The dreams of boundless expansion in Eastern Europe lived on. Within Germany particular venom was directed against those who signed the armistice whom Hitler and others routinely called the November criminals. The team that actually tried to negotiate in Paris and Versailles was not vilified to anything like the same extent. The reparations were widely seen as the harshest element of the Treaty of Versailles. For many the restriction of the size of the army to 100,000 men was also very irksome, and this clause of the treaty was never observed. A further cause of intense resentment was two attempts to go beyond the treaty. In 1921 Polish irregulars (with the approval of the Polish government) tried to seize the plebiscite area of Upper Silesia before the plebiscite was held, and they were kept at bay by various Friekorps and units of the British Army. Then, in 1923, the French and Belgians occupied the The terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

The treaty can be divided into a number of sections; territorial, military, financial and general. Territorial The following land was taken away from Germany : Alsace-Lorraine given to France Eupen and Malmedy given to Belgium Northern Schleswig given to Denmark Hultschin given to Czechoslovakia West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia given to Poland The Saar Danzig and Memel were put under the control of the League of Nations and the people of these regions would be allowed to vote to stay in Germany or not in a future referendum. The League of Nations also took control of Germany’s overseas colonies. Germany had to return to Russia land taken in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. reparations it seemed clear to Germany that the Allies wanted nothing else but to bankrupt her. Germany was also forbidden to unite with Austria to form one superstate, in an attempt to keep her economic potential to a minimum. General There are three vital clauses here: 1. Germany had to admit full responsibility for starting the war. This was Clause 231 the infamous “War Guilt Clause 2. Germany, as she was responsible for starting the war as stated in clause 230 was, therefore responsible for all the war damage caused by the First World War. Therefore she had to pay reparations the bulk of which would go to France and Belgium to pay for the damage done to the infrastructure of both countries by the war. Quite literally reparations would be used to pay for the damage to be repaired. Payment could be in kind or cash. The figure was not set at Versailles it was to be determined later. The Germans were told to write a blank cheque which the Allies would cash when it suited them. The figure was eventually put at 6,600 million a huge sum of money well beyond Germanys ability to pay 3. A League of Nations was set up to keep world peace. In fact the first 26 clauses of the treaty dealt with the League’s organisation.

The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty attended by all victorious nations of the Great War (Except for Russia as they were in the middle of a civil war It was to sort out what would happen to Germany as they were blamed of starting the Great War. The main contributes Nicknamed “The Big Three were French premier Georges Clemenceau of France, British prime minister David Lloyd George of Great Britain and President Woodrow Wilson of the United States of America. The Treaty also put the blame for starting WW1 on Germany and it therefore had to pay reparations. Original figure was 6,600,000,000 goldmakrs an very harsh but possible figure this was reduced by the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan later One must not forget that Germany enforced even harsher terms on Russia in the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, so the complaints may sound somewhat hypocritic. However having to accept the blame really angered many Germans, as they saw the war as the result of everyones mistakes.

It was probably more the fact of defeat and the revolution in Germany that created ‘underground aggression than the treaty itself that had this effect. Many hardline German nationalists also felt in some sense cheated of their victory over Russia. The dreams of boundless expansion in Eastern Europe lived on. Within Germany particular venom was directed against those who signed the armistice whom Hitler and others routinely called the November criminals. The team that actually tried to negotiate in Paris and Versailles was not vilified to anything like the same extent. The reparations were widely seen as the harshest element of the Treaty of Versailles. For many, the restriction of the size of the army to 100,000 men was also very irksome and this clause of the treaty was never observed. A further cause of intense resentment was two attempts to go beyond the treaty. In 1921 Polish irregulars (with the approval of the Polish government) tried to seize the plebiscite area of Upper Silesia before the plebiscite was held, and they were kept at bay by various Friekorps and units of the British Army. Then, in 1923, the French and Belgians occupied the The terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

The treaty can be divided into a number of sections territorial military financial and general. Territorial The following land was taken away from Germany : Alsace-Lorraine (given to France Eupen and Malmedy given to Belgium Northern Schleswig given to Denmark Hultschin given to Czechoslovakia West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia given to Poland The Saar Danzig and Memel were put under the control of the League of Nations and the people of these regions would be allowed to vote to stay in Germany or not in a future referendum. The League of Nations also took control of Germanys overseas colonies. Germany had to return to Russia land taken in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Some of this land was made into new states Estonia Lithuania and Latvia. An enlarged Poland also received some of this land. Military Germany’s army was reduced to 100,000 men the army was not allowed tanks She was not allowed an airforce She was allowed only 6 capital naval ships and no submarines The west of the Rhineland and 50 kms east of the River Rhine was made into a demilitarised zone No German soldier or weapon was allowed into this zone. The Allies were to keep an army of occupation on the west bank of the Rhine for 15 years. Financial The loss of vital industrial territory would be a.

France and Britain threatened to continue the war if they didn’t accept, and the German generals told the government that Germany was in no position to fight effectively. This was because they were running out of raw materials food men and ammunition so there was a great chancee losing the war.

Not accepting the Treaty of Versailles would have resulted in the war being reopened. Some German politicians were in favour of this for example the Chancellor, Scheidemann, and the Army Minister Noske who resigned rather than accept the treaty. However, the senior German generals said the the army was in no position to resume fighting. The military and many politicians also feared that a resumption of the war would lead to a massive and possibly successful Communist uprising in Germany.

France and Britain threatened to continue the war if they didn’t accept, and the German generals told the government that Germany was in no position to fight effectively. This was because they were running out of raw materials, food, men and ammunition so there was a great chanceof losing the war.

Not accepting the Treaty of Versailles would have resulted in the war being reopened. Some German politicians were in favour of this, for example, the Chancellor, Scheidemann, and the Army Minister, Noske, who resigned rather than accept the treaty. However, the senior German generals said the the army was in no position to resume fighting. The military and many politicians also feared that a resumption of the war would lead to a massive and possibly successful Communist uprising in Germany.

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