Employer’s Ethical Responsibilities 

Employees’ Rights and Responsibilities and Employer’s Ethical Responsibilities 

A1. Employees’ Rights and Responsibilities

 Employees’ have the right to a safe work environment. According to the Occupational  Safety and Health Act of 1970 employers’ must provide a safe work environment for  employees’ by offering them information on potential work hazards and educating and  training them on how to conduct day to day operations in a safe and hazard free manner.  If safety standards were not put in place it would leave the company open to workplace  lawsuits. Employees have the right to fair and equal treatment without discrimination.  Factors such as race, religion, sex, or color should not have any impact on decisions made  by the company. This prevents any discrepancies in incentives like promotions,  commissions, or bonuses. Employees’ have the responsibility to maintain employer  privacy. Any company secrets such as recipes, technology, training tools, or trade secrets  should be kept confidential by the employees of the company. Leaking this information  could lead to increased competition and loss of business for the company.

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A2. Employers’ Ethical Responsibilities

 Employers’ have an ethical responsibility to improve their employees’ lives. This can be  achieved by offering employees’ fair wages, health benefits, a safe work environment,  and opportunities for advancement. By offering their employees these incentives  employers can maintain a happy workforce. This will also benefit the company because  when employees feel like they are appreciated they are more likely to perform better.  Employers’ also have an ethical responsibility to treat all employees fairly. This means  that employers’ aren’t allowed to play favorites. This fair treatment needs to be applied to  job assignments and duties, opportunities for commissions and other incentives.  Employers’ who do not put these fair treatment policies in to affect leave themselves  vulnerable to potential lawsuits and employee back lash.

A3. Ethical Business Dilemma

 I once worked for a small business in high school. There was another teenage girl, let’s  call her (X), who worked there as well. She had a crush on one of the older employees’,   let’s call him (Y), which worked for the business. We later found out that when (Y)  discovered that (X) had a crush on him he started using this to his advantage. He would  sneak out of work and have her cover for him and put his time in. She did this because  she thought helping him would lead to a relationship. This was unethical because (Y) was  basically stealing from the business. He was getting paid for working when he wasn’t  even there. (X) was making an unethical decision as well by lying for (Y). This was  violating the business’ policy of fair pay for fair work. We also had a policy about not  dating co-workers. So really (X) and (Y) were violating two of our company policies.

A4. Ethical Business Dilemma: Evaluation

 Utilitarianism is a philosophy that says the best decision is the one that brings the most  happiness to the greatest amount of people. Ethical Relativism is the belief that the  decision of right and wrong depends on the view of the specific person. The utilitarian  theory is the one that brings the most happiness to the greatest number of people. In the  A3 dilemma the utilitarian view wouldn’t benefit X and Y. X and Y may be happy but  they are only two people. There were far more people who were unhappy with this  decision, such as other employees, bosses, and investors. So X and Y would not be  supported by the utilitarian view. The relativistic view could support X and Y because it  states that the opinion of right and wrong depends on the person in the situation. So while  the rest of the employees, bosses, and investors may think that what X and Y are doing is  unethical, they may think that there is nothing wrong with what they are doing.

A5. Ethical Decisions

 One ethical decision I had to make on the job was reporting theft of company supplies. I  had a co-worker who I caught stealing cleaning supplies from our company to take home  for her own personal use. It was a quite a lot of stuff so I brought it to the attention of my  boss. I had always liked this employee and was conflicted about turning her in, but I was  concerned that she was costing the company a significant amount of money. Another  ethical decision that I had to make was a safety concern. Where I worked we had a  concession stand and from time to time everyone had to work a concession shift. I went  to turn on the stovetop and when I turned the knob I was shocked. I didn’t think much  about it until I went to turn the stovetop back off and was shocked again. I talked to our  maintenance department and they said that they would look at it. Several weeks later I  had another shift in the concession stand and went to turn on the stovetop and was  shocked again. I talked to our maintenance department for a second time and they told me  that it wasn’t a big deal and that they had more important things to do. I decided that it  was a serious enough safety hazard to talk to my boss about it.

A6. Ethical Decisions Explanation

 In the first case I had an ethical decision to make between informing on a fellow  employee that I had known for a long time, or allowing an employee that I was fond of  go on stealing company property. I feel that I made the ethical decision by telling my  boss about the theft of supplies. Even though I was friends with the other employee I  knew that it wasn’t right taking those cleaning supplies that were bought with company  funds. I suppose that she could have rationalized her actions by thinking that the  company wouldn’t miss the supplies as we bought everything in bulk, or maybe she  thought that she was entitled to the supplies because she had worked there for so long. In  the second situation I made the ethical decision to inform the management about a safety  hazard that was affecting employees. I had given maintenance a chance to correct the  problem, but they dismissed it as not being a major concern. So I made the decision to go  over maintenances’ head and take the problem to management. Maintenance could have  rationalized that it was just a stove and a little shock here and there wasn’t a major  concern, or maybe they thought that I was just over exaggerating or complaining, but I  felt that it was a big enough shock to be cause for concern.

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