Diabetes is one of many leading causes of death. Even though type 2 can be preventable it tends to keep rising throughout these years. Throughout this essay I will explain diabetes and causes of this disease, as well as how to avoid diabetes and what you can do to be healthier. This disease has caused an unfortunate long-standing metabolic disorder which results in high blood sugar, and shortage of insulin. Since the body is unable to handle the insulin the way it supposed to it causes you to feel weak.
Some of the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes is consistently having the need to urinate, you tend to become thirsty, and sometimes you tend to lose weight. Other symptoms may be an immense desire to eat, feeling tired. Long-term system can be strokes, high blood sugar, heart disease, kidney failure and last but not least blindness. When there is reduced blood flow in your body amputations may be required. In the article The Lancet it says, Between 1980 and 2004, the global rise in obesity, sedentary lifestyles, and an ageing population have quadrupled the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes. (Chatterjee, 2017) In 2015 diabetes has been one of the high demands in need of disability due to high numbers increasing of type 2 diabetes.
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Many people are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes which is overwhelming increasing each year and is causing an extensive socioeconomic difficulty to each person who is diagnosed with. Not only is this disorder deadly but its costs are estimated around $825 billion and is crushing our global health economics.
Knowing how much money is being used for just type 2 diabetes and also being aware that this disorder is the second leading cause of preventable deaths is devasting to understand. Its difficult for me to understand how someone who becomes diagnosed with this disorder refuses to change his/her lifestyle around. I refuse to understand that people are perfectly okay with checking their sugar on an hourly basis and injecting themselves with insulin or taking medication. Changing your eating habits and drinking water, exercising can prevent you from being obese and getting diabetes; ultimately, its your body and your decision in what you chose to eat.
Since type 2 diabetes can be preventable and cost effective to people who are at high risk. Losing weight is an alternative, such as diet and exercise. About 16% of people aged over 60 years have impaired fasting glucose. (Pierce, 2013) Diagnosing individuals whom have not yet been identified with diabetes is one step into preventing. One way to identify someone at risk of having this disease is being screened VSP.
The Vascular Screening Program is a screening done every 5 years for people at ages 40 to 74 years old. Each individual will do a standard evaluation and will be checked with a blood test for their cholesterol levels and sometimes for glucose levels. Depending on the outcome proper action will be acquired. Obesity can affect the young, the middle aged and the elderly which can result in Diabetes. White folks over the age of 40 are recommended to get tested every 5 years for diabetes.
Individuals whom are from ethnic minority groups are required to get tested from ages 25. Ages between 25 and 40 are considered at high risk of getting diabetes. Obesity plays a big role in the elderly, which results in Type 2 diabetes becomes generally common. In this article, “Obesity should not be viewed as a cosmetic problem that affects a few individuals, but a major health hazard that is both preventable and amenable to treatment,” (Obesity Pathogenesis, 2013) The elderly is diagnosed with diabetes at a much later age than children. Most elderly folks are used to regular exercise and eating healthy.
Although some of the elderly who are diagnosed with diabetes are African Americans and Hispanics. Due to their upbringings they have been accustomed to either eating healthy or non-healthy meals. With the proper guidance and learning the importance of the deadly disorder the elderly is motivated in curing themselves. In the year 2015 it was projected that around 415 million people were going to have diabetes. About 90% of those individuals had type 2 diabetes and it was estimated that in 2040 around 642 million people were going to continuously be diagnosed or have diabetes.
Black and Latinos have a higher risk of being diagnosed with diabetes. Although many of us are aware changing our eating habits and implementing exercise in our life can decrease or eliminate diabetes for good. Nonetheless, Black and Latinos have a disadvantage due to being poor, limited in the amount of food they have, or simply not implementing fruits and vegetables in their diet. Living in minority communities results in having more access to unhealthy nourishments and less access to nutritious foods which it tends to connect to diabetes.
Families whom have been diagnosed with diabetes in low-income communities benefit from programs that offer healthy meals.
The geographical region says, 80% of patients living in low-to-middle-income countries, but the overall trend is an increase in diabetes prevalence in every country since 1980 and intensive lifestyle modification, pharmacotherapy, or both can reverse or delay development of type 2 diabetes. (Chatterjee, 2017) Notorious meals in low income or minority individuals explain how the cost of food causes frustration which leads to unhealthy meals. Not only is the cost of foods frustrating but transportation, lack of knowledge in healthy meals and one main barrier are communication since many of low-income families are immigrants and cant speak the language.
These residents are limited to stores that offer healthy foods, and many of those residents have diabetes. Around 40% of low-income families say that there incapable to pay for healthy meals, and 39% are unable to cook or shop for the proper meals that will help them have a healthier lifestyle.
Based on those studies it shows that this does not apply to urban areas. That being said, if low income families such as blacks and Latinos have higher risk of being obsessed and having diabetes then there should be more programs offered to them. These communities need to implement fewer fast foods places and offer more farmer markers.
It seems as if cheeseburgers are a lot cheaper than buying a salad. Why is that? How is this even allowed? Having less individuals being diagnosed with diabetes will ultimately mean less money being used for treatment of diabetes which will help our social economic system. Compared with people who do not have diabetes, patients with type 2 diabetes have a 15% increased risk of all-cause mortality, which is twice as high in young people, and in those who are younger than 55 years of age and have a concentration of glycated hemoglobin. (Chatterjee, 2017)
The United States has noticed an interest with socioeconomic condition with immigrants and their health status and health care needs and well as their health care system. Immigrants tends to have a healthier lifestyles or good health which is referred to immigrant health paradox. Immigrants have superior health and higher mortality than native born. Most immigrants who enter our country come with good health. Immigrants are used to discrimination and handling such painful experience and are able to juggle such problems and not allow that to affect your day, health, life.
For example, In fact, much of the evidence supports immigrant selection for good health and lower mortality rates than those of the native-born population which often has been termed an immigrant health paradox (Markides,2018). Immigrants tend to exercise and walk on a daily basis due to being one unable to afford a vehicle, two walking can become more convenient and freer. They are less likely to become addicted to drugs because its financially a hurdle for them. Not only are they healthier but they tend to live longer than native American and are also less likely of getting a disease.
Chronic complications of type 2 diabetes should not be taken lightly. Your likely to develop cardiovascular disease as well as loss of eyesight, also limb amputations. These unfortunate complications are caused by not taking care of yourself and not eating healthy. Even though type 2 diabetes has been increasing and has been causing a problem in children and adolescents. As the U.S. population becomes increasingly overweight, however, the percentage of children with immune-mediated type 1 diabetes who are obese is increasing. As many as 24% may be overweight at the time of diagnosis. Children with immune-mediated diabetes usually have a short duration of symptoms and frequently have ketosis; 30“40% have ketoacidosis at presentation (Association, 2018).
Immigrant children whom migrate to the U.S at a young age are more likely to live a shorter life spam than immigrant adolescent because they are having a much more healthier life style than U.S raised immigrants. For example, researchers have found that the share of adolescents who are overweight or obese, a key indicator of physical health, is lowest for foreign-born youth, but these shares grow larger for each generation and increase rapidly as youth transition into adulthood (Ornelas, 2018). Immigrant children have a health advantage than native American or U.S citizens.
In America we are surrounded by non-healthy meals and most of our foods are filled with hormones due to high demand of food. Unlike immigrants everything is home grown and natural and organic which is a reason why they are much healthier. Even though beans and tortillas are not that healthy but compared to mc Donalds it has more fiber and whole grains and much more beneficial than fast foods. For Instance, in less developed countries, the prevalence of excessive weight (overweight and obesity) tends to increase with socioeconomic status higher incomes are associated with the adoption of high- calorie diets and an increase in sedentary activities such as watching television. Thus, low-income children who migrate from these countries are more likely to be at risk of malnutrition and stunting than of being overweight (Ornelas, 2018).
In sum, type 2 diabetes can be prevented and cured. The gastric by-pass surgery has been used to normalize your blood glucose. The Counterpoint study shows that in 10 of 11 people with diabetes an 8-week 600 kcal per day diet resulted in normalization of glucose levels. After 12 weeks of normal diet, glucose tolerance was normal in four, impaired glucose tolerance in three, and diabetic but improved control in three.15 Both bariatric surgery and very low calorie diets produce rapid substantial weight loss with dramatic reduction of fat (triacylglycerol) stores in the pancreas and liver.
The Counterpoint Study not only demonstrated very low-calorie diets can produce weight losses similar to those of bariatric surgery (pierce, 2013). With proper care of what you eat and implementing exercise on a daily will reduce your chance of getting diabetes or reducing that horrible disease. Even though its difficult to eat healthy due to high demands of food and how majority of foods have hormones it is affecting our body. Ultimately the government should change our food chain system to reduce the amount of people having diabetes or even becoming obese. Until then as the people we have to continue to fight this unfortunate battle and make sure we live a healthier life not only to fight diseases such as diabetes but also for ourselves.
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